Item BCA - 2018.1449 - Shops and businesses in and around the Market Square

Open original Digital object

Identity area

Reference code

BCA - 2018.1449

Title

Shops and businesses in and around the Market Square

Date(s)

  • 1884 to 2016 (Creation)

Level of description

Item

Extent and medium

pdf of 88 photographs

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

1k. Cheapside can be seen from outside the west side of the Town Hall. The date is pre-1907 because Eton Villas had yet to be built in place of the thatched building in the centre of the picture. The George and Dragon inn is there as is Goodmans the Tea Dealers whose premises where demolished to make way for a carriage entrance to Little Place off Cheapside either late 1903 or in 1904. A carriage could enter here and go right through the premises of Little Place and exist into Lavender Square and so avoiding the need to turn around.
1l. The west side of the Market Square in 1903 showing Mr Beard the printer's shop, the George & Dragon, The Lamb Inn know to all locals as The Tree because of the large Ash tree next to it and the very edge of the Town Hall can be seen on the right. Between the George and Dragon and The Lamb is Goodman's the tea dealers which was pulled down the following year to make way for a carriage entrance to Little Place. Just inside the carriage entrance an old fire place can still be seen against the wall which was in Goodman's. Without the present-day footpath and gardens around the Town Hall, the road will have been very wide.
1m. Martin's Printing Works on the west side of Market Square was also a postal receiving office. The George and Dragon in the distance and The Lamb Inn with its Ash Tree visible is on the right. The view is along Cheapside.
1n. Martins the printing works and also the Post Office on the west side of the Market Square. It is now a private house (2014) and was last run as a grocery shop and pet food store by Adrian Simmonds. The hunt is gathered in the road outside. The Lamb Inn is on the extreme right with the large Ash tree outside; most locals used to say they were going to The Tree for a drink because of the large tree outside. There are gates in the wall across the road giving access to Little Place from Cheapside. In 1904 Goodman's the tea dealer’s premises were pulled down to make way for this carriage entrance to Little Place
1o. H B Jones had a shop on the west end of the Market Square. In the background you can see the George & Dragon which was in Cheapside, not the Square. The inn immediately to the right of the big Ash tree is the Lamb Inn and was always referred to by locals as The Tree. This picture was taken in the 1930s.
1oa. The Lamb Inn stands where the present-day Thornberry Flats have been built. The single-story building joined on to the inn was first a butcher's shop then a fish and chip shop owned by Mr Courtney from Brize Norton; he was sometimes helped by Les Hancock who had the nickname Sooty probably because he also swept chimneys. 'Sooty' later had his own fish and chip shop in Burwell Farm Witney. Before the Lamb was an Inn it was two or three cottages. The Lamb was finally completely demolished in 1960, Richard Money was one of the men who did the demolition work. Taken in the 1930s
1p. H. B. Jones General Supply Stores and the south end of The Lamb Inn seen from across the Market Square.

1q. The Central Garage on the south side of the Market Square had 4 petrol pumps and it was the Ferguson tractor dealership; Fergusons like all non-diesel tractors could be started on petrol before switching to TVO (tractor vaporising oil.) A delivery lorry with crates of pop can be seen outside the Talbot Hotel. H. B. Jones General supplies is on the right. Probably 1940s.
1r. Barclays Bank is next to The Stores c1940. The George & Dragon is on the right, somewhat burnt out in the picture.
1s. Barclays Bank, G. H. Applegate, the Stores & The George & Dragon seen in Cheapside and the edge of The Lamb in the Square with the huge Ash tree outside it.
1t. Adrian Simmonds at his fruit and veg stall which he wheeled outside each day. Before Adrian the shop was owned by Slims and then by Roberts; sadly, we don’t have pictures to show this but if you have one we could copy we would be very pleased.
1u. Adrian always had a wonderful display of flowers outside his shop which brightened up the whole of the west side of the Square and the baskets were mostly planted by Tim Tomlins from The Swan in Buckland Road. Adrian kept up floral display even after retirement in 2010 as seen in this picture.
1v. Adrian had this notice inserted into the little window to the right of the door into his shop when he retired.
1w and 1wa. To the south of Simmonds’ shop was The Poachers Rest, variously a café run by the Walker family and then a restaurant run by Helen and Phillip Deacon. In one picture it has become a private dwelling in the other both Adrian Simmonds shop and The Poachers Rest are active business as seen from the top floor of Thornberry Flats.
1x. The Town Hall, Barclays Bank and The Stores can be seen but note the white line down the centre of what is now the Square. At this time it was the road through towards Aston and Buckland.
1xa. Rosemary House was the Gas Showroom run by Mr Quick, father of John Quick who started the Shirt Race and then the SPAJERS. It later became the library before it moved to the Old Grammar School.
1y. The Talbot Hotel can be seen with Thompsons the high-class grocers next door but one to it in Bridge Street. Across the road are two shops with the names Viner, a draper and Joyner, a baker. The bakery was taken over by a man named Shepherd and in 1898 Tom Constable came from Lechlade and bought it. When Viner left, Tom bought his shop too and moved his bakery shop into it and made the old bakery his sitting room which today is called Bakery Cottage (2018). When Constables closed the premises were used to sell wine and then several solicitors used the premises before it became the Chinese Takeaway called Mark’s Kitchen.
2a. The west gable end of Constables bakery seen from what today (2018) is the Romany Inn. It is Horse Fair time and the street fair can be seen in the Market Square. The Lamb Inn can be seen in the background and uniformed policeman in the centre of the picture making sure good order is kept by the horse dealers and revellers.
2b. Constable the baker’s shop
2c. Questions I put to Janet Newman and her answers to do with the bakery shop
2d. Taken March 11th 2009 it is still Mark’s Kitchen today in 2018
3a. Eeles’ shop is on the south side of Market Square and you can see several photographs with their name over the door where it later became Eeles & Son. Look carefully at this one and you’ll see there is nothing built on to the south side of it other than a high wall.
3e. To the east of it you can see E Taylor the butcher which later became Gill the butcher. Later still as seen in 3g. It was the Swan Laundry’s shop in Bampton and in later years it has been a laundrette and John Temple’s much missed hardware shop (see adverts 3ea) and is now 3g. Bampton Coffee House.
3h. Eeles became International, then Londis, then Budgens and now, in 2018, it is a Co-op shop.
3ia. When the boarding was removed seen in 3h the hairdresser Spring was revealed; this later had a name change to Polished. At one time when the Central Garage was where you now find Abbey Properties, this space housed the car lift to allow work underneath a vehicle and later, it was simply the showroom of the garage.
4a. The Talbot Inn is a very old coaching Inn which has been there for a few hundred years.
4b. Looking down the road towards Aston from outside the Talbot, you can see the Town Hall on the left, Wenman’s bakery peeping out to the right, a grocery shop in what is now No4 Town House, Alfie Bryant’s school in Wheelgate House, a drapers-milliners-outfitters and a little bit of the Talbot.
4c. Taken from Cheapside looking to the Market Square Garage show room, the Town Hall and Central Garage in the distance, where you could also buy a gas oven!
4d. Most of the arches of the Town Hall are bricked up but the ones on the south side were open to allow the space to be used as a bus shelter.
5a. J. H. Brooking draper and outfitter. This is now Abbey Properties and is next to The Talbot. At some point the frontage was recessed and the two stone pillars put in, perhaps to make way for the 4 petrol pumps of the garage.
5b. The same premise became Barclays Bank when it moved from next to Adrian Simmonds’ shop on the west side of the Square. When the bank went, Abbey Properties took it over and then they let it to Lynda Kerswill to run her wonderful Cotton Club but Abbey Properties kept the right to use the window display on the left. After a few years they took back the whole premise.
6a. Alfie Bryant was in Wheelgate house either side of 1900. He ran a school for boys there but he had a finger in many pies as you can read in Lloyd Hughes Owens’ account in 6b.
6c. Above the coach doors is where Albert Chandler had his saddlery and leather business, his name can be seen over the doors. His sister Doris Chandler ran an antique shop from the house to the right, (now called Hayman House) of the coach doors for a short time. Albert was chairman of the Parish Council.
6d. In 1918 the Post Office moved from Pembrey’s to Wheelgate House and in 1926 Mrs Reynolds moved in was postmistress. She retired in 1972 and wanted to stay in the house; Les and Stella King, who had owned and run Kings of Bampton from 1960 to 1970 then ran the post office from what had been the Wheat Sheaf opposite Papworth’s newsagents in Bridge Street from 1972-1982.
6e. When Biz Gooddy bought Wheelgate House she started a B&B there, then opened the biztro, she reverted to offering B&B only in 2016.
6ia. Folly House is now two semi detached houses but before they were built in 1906 it was the home and work place of Mr Gibbard the blacksmith who you can see inside his kitchen in 6iab.
6j. You can see the big doors which opened for cars to drive on to the lift in Central Garage.
6l. Note that No4 Town House was originally a thatch building.
7a. On the north side of the Market Square was Robinson the butcher. This is now the solicitor Bampton Law LLP. To the right of this used to be the Bell Inn which you can see in 7b and this is why locals call the lane at the back of the Village Hall back of the Bell. The Bell became the WI Hall in 1923 and the Village Hall in 1984.
7c. Joined to the Bell was Wenman the baker then Mrs Ward’s little cottage where you could buy fish and chips twice a week. Both these buildings were knocked down to make way for the War Memorial.
8a. Market Square garage before the show room was built on the western end and there was an Antique shop where Robinson the butcher had been; this was also Shenells hairdresser in the 1970s. the last remnants of The Lamb were removed in 1960 to build the car showroom which you can see in 8c. The whole garage was taken away beginning in 1998 to make way for Thornberry Flats for the over 55s and you can see the start of the demolition in 8ca.
8d. When The Lamb was still running it was one of the stopping points for the Great Shirt race, but look on the right of this picture and you can see the railway timetable for trains from Bampton and Brize Norton Railway station on the Witney to Fairford line.
8e and 8f. We are trying to find out what the service was for here and if anyone knows do please tell us. It may have been Empire Day although Commonwealth Day is now the second Monday in March it used to be the 24th May - Queen Victoria’s birthday - and a special effort was always made to include schoolchildren in events. Looking at the clothing, it wasn’t winter cold. One wonders why a service lead by clergy was not held in the church.
9d. This is now Jubilee House but it was the Jubilee pub which also had a café when run by Reg Pratley, making the third pub in the Square.
9e. In December 2013 the middle room of the Town Hall became the Post Office when the people who owned the property opposite Papworth’s which had been the PO since 1972 wanted the whole property as their home.
9g. For a while, we had these bell-shaped recycling containers in the Square but some idiot thought it funny to tip them up and spread the rubbish.
9ha. Fire siren used to be under the eaves of the Town Hall. When the police banned us from using a starting pistol to start the Shirt Race the siren was taken down to see if it could be got working again and it hasn’t been seen since.
9i and 9j are plaques on the Town Hall that remember Squire Southby and the architect Wilkinson and the builder of the Town Hall.
9k. Behind the Co-op in a area that was once Kerwoods Yard, also known locally as Jerico with dreadful housing that was just one step ‘up’ from park bench, you’ll know find the Electric Vehicle Garage.
9la. This red brick building in Moonraker Lane down the side of Bampton Coffee House is now The Bampton Clinic but it started life as Bampton’s slaughter house.
9n. This is the census from 1901 which covers the west side of the Market Square and into Cheapside. You can see the name of Constable the baker, Beard the printer and postmaster, and Collett in what is now Exeter House but then he sold china and was a watch repairer as well as running a garage at the back.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Digital object (Master) rights area

Digital object (Reference) rights area

Digital object (Thumbnail) rights area

Accession area